Deutsche Ziviluniformen im 19. Reineking von Bock, Gisela: Anzeiger des Germanischen Nationalmuseums Nürnberg 1993 , pp. The Polish nobility maintained their Western orientation. See Reineking von Bock, Kleidung in Russland 1996, p. Konturen der städtischen Reformation, Göttingen 1996.
European urbanity and fashion the 16th century Patrician fashion in the 16th century. The Burgundian court was especially adept at employing its extensive heraldic network and power rhetoric to establish and maintain its reputation as a trendsetter in all matters pertaining to fashion. Ein Ausstieg aus dem Korsett: Zur Situation in Nürnberg 1919 bis 1933, in: Kulturgeschichte der Frauenhose, Marburg 1994.
Many developments in fashion unfolded in a fairly similar way throughout Europe, but were combined with specific national or regional characteristics. Zur Situation in Nürnberg 1919 bis 1933, in: For the concepts of femininity, see Ganeva, Women in Weimar Fashion 2008. Guenther, Nazi Chic 2004, pp. The aim of these dress regulations was to protect the common interests of the city, which were seen as being threatened by increasing extravagance and luxury in clothing habits.
Kulturgeschichte der Frauenhose, Marburg 1994. The Culture of Fashion: Anderson, Erfindung der Nation 1996, p. Fashion and the Postmodern Body, in:
Conversely, the return to traditional Byzantine garb under the influence of the Slavophile movement was motivated by modern nationalist thought. After the French Revolution, England and France emerged as the two main fashion powers in production, trade and design. This easier and cheaper means of producing visual representations of fashion accelerated the pace of fashion change and, through a close symbiosis with the growing film industry, created a new phenomenon of stars and models.
Angela Borchert et al. Similarly, knowledge of foreign, non-European styles in clothing spread. Le costume en Bourgogne, Paris 1956.
Louis XIV receives the Swiss ambassadors 1664. Portrait of Joan Crawford 1906—1977. Reichsstadt und Reformation, Berlin 1987. Konturen der städtischen Reformation, Göttingen 1996. The predominant agent of the diffusion of male clothing fashions within Europe was the mobile armies of lansquenets, who as bearers of fashion innovations provoked sensation wherever they went, both in the 16th century as well as during the Thirty Years War. Despite the social dominance of the nobility, modern historians argue that in the late Middle Ages the middle and even the lower social classes were increasingly influenced by developments in fashion, or at least attempted to participate in these developments.
Alltag im Barock, Graz et al. Zur Beziehung zwischen Bekleidungsphysiologie und Kleidungskultur, in: History of the 20th Century Fashion , London 1974.
Berliner Mode in der Photographie, Tübingen et al. Court etiquette — here a picture of the French court — placed great importance on the role played by clothing, which was important not only for its sumptuous display, but as a set ritual of court communication. Le propre et le sale: Uniformkunde, Rathenow 1880—1921, vol.
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Roper, Das fromme Haus 1995. Ein Ausstieg aus dem Korsett: Jussen, Macht des Königs 2005, pp. As a means of communication and therefore advertisement , they establish the necessary connection between consumer and producer. The Culture of Fashion:
How did these strategies manifest themselves in actual clothing and how were they received in the contemporary European context? Bulletin du Bibliophile 2 1995 , pp. Herrschaft in Europa vom Frühmittelalter bis in die Neuzeit, München 2005. Renaissance Clothing and the Materials of Memory , Cambridge 2000. With its strict, geometric form, courtly fashion emphasized the body-disciplining effect of clothing and its role in subjugating the body to the court etiquette of a centralist monarchy by ornate adornment.
Zur Situation in Nürnberg 1919 bis 1933, in: Ländliche Mode in Württemberg 1750—1850, Tübingen 2003. Regarding standardization as fashion, see Nevinson, Gravure de Modes 1955, p.
Die Geschichte der Haute Couture, Vienna et al. Angela Borchert et al. In this clothing biography, his luxuriant wardrobe with its precious materials and dyes is portrayed as an essential element for the construction of the middle class male self in the urban space. After the French Revolution, England and France emerged as the two main fashion powers in production, trade and design. Many developments in fashion unfolded in a fairly similar way throughout Europe, but were combined with specific national or regional characteristics.